What is pH? And why do we need to take care of the hygiene of our pets?

What is pH?
Based on its definition, pH is the negative logarithm of the concentration of hydrogen cations (H + ). As complicated as this may seem, in practice pH is a scale that shows how many times a mixture, solution, material, etc. is more acidic or more alkaline than neutral deionized water (pH 7). Don't be fooled by the seemingly small pH scale (from 1 to 14). Given that the base is pH 7, then its difference from pH 6 is not 1 unit, as can be shown in the table, but it is essentially 10 times more acidic than the base pH 7. Accordingly, pH 5 is 100 times more acidic than pH 7 while pH 4 is 1000 times more acidic, etc. Exactly the same logic prevails as we go up the cliff. If a mixture has a pH of 8, then it is 10 times more alkaline than a pH of 7, a pH of 9 is 100 times more alkaline, a pH of 10 is 1000 times more alkaline, and so on.

Dog sleeping in bed beside master's feet

Essentially, pH tells us how many times a mixture is acidic or alkaline, not if it's something corrosive or irritating to the skin and to what degree. For example, honey has a pH of 3.5 and lemon has a pH of 2.5. Although both are very acidic, they are not irritating. However, SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulfate) has a pH of 7.2, which is very close to the base pH of 7, but can cause serious skin irritation. In summary, it is important to manufacture the product with skin pH in mind, but it is a mistake to consider pH the only factor when evaluating a product aimed at animals.
The pH of the outer skin of dogs ranges from 6.0 (e.g. Maltese) to 8.0 (e.g. Labrador) with an average pH of 7.0, while human skin pH ranges from 4.8 to 5.8. It should also be mentioned that pH differs depending on gender, race, body type, diet, hormones and any existing skin conditions.
However, the main difference with human skin is not the pH itself, but the fact that dogs' skin is much thinner and at the same time lacks the so-called acid mantle. The acid mantle surrounds the human skin externally and protects it from the growth of fungi, yeasts and bacteria, while making it more resistant to their attacks. Our skin is directly exposed to environmental factors without any effect, whereas in dogs the whole body is covered with fur and basically the whole skin is completely protected by it. Therefore, the extremely important importance of maintaining the skin barrier of dogs' skin must be taken into account.
Human shampoos, as well as cheap toiletries, are mostly designed for more frequent bathing with a rich lather, have a stronger irritant profile and contain sulfated sodium salt (SLS, ASLS), which offers too much cleansing that can become irritating . These products are economical enough and their purchase seems more attractive. Their pH can vary from 5.0 (creamy soaps or shower gel) to 6.5 (so-called baby shampoo for human use). Although the pH of human shampoos is slightly less acidic than the pH of dog shampoos, what holds them back is the very strong irritant profile of the detergents they contain.
The use of human shampoos on a dog's skin can lead to disruption of the sensitive and delicate skin barrier from the first use, resulting in exposure of the skin to harmful bacteria, fungi or yeasts immediately after bathing and can lead to long-lasting sensitizing agents. the skin. At the same time, the detergents are so powerful that they completely remove the thin oily substrate secreted by the hair growth, which leads to faster and greater growth of sebum and intense odors. This creates an ugly vicious circle of problems that unfortunately expands in the future. So, what sets the right dog shampoo apart from cheap kennels and human shampoos is primarily the non-irritating profile and ability of the shampoo to thoroughly clean and eliminate odors. At the same time, dog shampoos should be differentiated according to the type of coat (hard, long and silky, i.e.
Top Dog dog shampoos are designed in the pH range of 5.8 (Keratin Complex) to 7.0 (Green Clay) with an average pH of 6.5, while pHs greater than 7.0 can have a wonderful effect on coat health. They are highly condensed

irani and contain a high proportion of very light, quality and hypoallergenic raw materials with a zero irritation profile in the huge actual dilution (1 part shampoo 200 parts water). Indicatively, a 250ml bottle corresponds to 5 Lt of the actual product. The selection of this specific pH range was based on the needs of different coats and skins to ensure maximum balance of cleaning and final hair texture. These features classify our products at the professional level with the safety and guarantee of Top Dog.

Top Dog shampoos have a high content of natural raw materials, which range from 88% to 96%, while they do not contain SLS and ASLES. They provide excellent textures based on the needs of each coat type. These can be safely used frequently, while some products such as Green Clay and Derma Equilibrium, which are focused on specific skin needs, are suitable even for daily use. All these features make Top Dog products essential tools for safe use and with amazing results that can impress even the most demanding user. With Top Dog you become a professional at home.

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